Nurse Author & Editor:Writing the Abstract of the Manuscript

Nurse Author & Editor:Writing the Abstract of the Manuscript

When you look at the September 2013 problem of Nurse Author & Editor, we talked about the necessity of the title of a write-up. The abstract is equally crucial: the name and abstract are usually the sole components of a log article being available on the internet and tend to be free. People trying to find appropriate magazines will scan the titles and abstracts to select documents to learn. In the event that abstract is well written and defines obviously this content regarding the paper, you are able to attract visitors to your article if they skim the abstract during a search associated with the literary works. The title and abstract are utilized for indexing a write-up in PubMed (MEDLINE), the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied wellness Literature (CINAHL), as well as other databases and also by the search engines such as for example Bing. whenever manuscripts are submitted for peer review, the editor may browse the abstract to spot prospective reviewers, plus the abstract could be sent to reviewers to ascertain whether they have the expertise for evaluating the manuscript.


Abstracts should always be accurate, nonevaluative, succinct, and coherent (United states Psychological Association APA 2009). The abstract should summarize this content associated with the paper: by reading the abstract, you ought to have an awareness of just exactly what the article is all about. The abstract should also be consistent with the written text, ie, it must consist of only information that is presented within the text. Whenever composing the abstract, the writer must be careful to report this content of this paper although not to judge it (APA 2009). Because journals limit the size of the abstract, this really is a period to create concisely and get away from nonessential terms in your writing. This investigation…,” you can easily convey similar meaning with less words: “This research described pupil satisfaction with…. as an example, rather than “In purchase to examine factors that influence student satisfaction” a well crafted abstract uses easy sentences and also the voice that is activeOermann & Hays 2010) and doesn’t add abbreviations and sources (United states healthcare Association AMA 2007). Key term should really be incorporated in the abstract to facilitate visitors finding your paper in a search associated with literary works as well as for used in indexing.

Abstracts for Research States

The abstract should include the problem, purpose statement, subjects, methods used for the study, key findings, and conclusions for research reports. For many journals the implications additionally might be included. Findings reported when you look at the abstract must be the identical to when you look at the text and tables.

Abstracts for Systematic along with other Reviews

As soon as the focus for the article is a systematic or review that is literature the abstract should inform you that the paper is an assessment article and may offer certain information for visitors to evaluate its credibility and relevance. Beller et al (2013) create a list for composing abstracts for systematic reviews, which also may be used for any other forms of review documents. The list will be based upon PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Things for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses), as well as the list and complete description among these directions for composing abstracts come in this article by Beller et al in the guide list. That article is available access for visitors to download and make use of while preparing their abstracts.

Abstracts for review papers will include these areas:

  • Background: objective of this review;
  • Techniques: eligibility requirements for picking articles relating to the review, key databases searched and search times, and types of evaluating threat of bias;
  • Outcomes: quantity and type of studies within the review, topics, and appropriate traits of studies;
  • Synthesis of outcomes: primary results for the indication and review regarding the results (eg, which intervention had been most reliable);
  • Discussion: skills and restrictions for the ev >When writing an abstract for any other forms of papers, the principle that is key for the abstract to close out the information of this paper. The abstract should include a statement on implications for articles about clinical practice, or other practice areas such as teaching.


Journals have actually their very own requirements for abstracts, and writers want to look at the directions for the certain log. In journals that publish research reports, organized abstracts in many cases are needed. These abstracts can include particular headings such as Background, Purpose, Design, Setting, Subjects, Intervention (if any), Measures (instruments), Results, and Conclusions (with implications for training). Abstracts of a initial research report in many cases are between 150 (APA, 2009) and 300 terms (AMA, 2007). But, journals have actually their very own format and size for their abstracts, and visitors should follow those directions.

Narrative or abstracts that are unstructured written in paragraph kind. They are typically reduced compared to a structured abstract, usually about 50 to 75 terms. Once more, writers need certainly to proceed with the tips regarding the log to that the paper is being submitted.


Authors have actually their very own varieties of planning manuscripts. We compose the name and abstract that I included in the manuscript after I have completed the text with the goal of summarizing the content. Before you distribute your following manuscript: reread your abstract to verify it is accurate, readable, and concise; summarizes the information associated with the paper; and includes keywords for indexing. Bookmark the PRISMA list for abstracts and make reference to this list whenever abstracts that are writing review documents. Keep in mind this: your title and abstract are essential. These are the very very very first elements of your article that visitors see. Once the abstract is well crafted and offers an excellent summary of this information in your article, this has the possibility to have visitors’ curiosity about your paper.


  • United States Health Association. (AMA) (2007). AMA manual of design: helpful tips for writers and editors (10th ed). Ny, NY: Oxford University Press.
  • United States Emotional Association. (APA) (2009). Publication manual associated with United states Psychological Association (6th ed.) Washington, DC: APA.
  • Beller, E.M., Glasziou, P.P., Altman, D.G., Hopewell, S., Bastian, H., et al. (2013). PRISMA for abstracts: reporting reviews that are systematic journal and seminar abstracts. PLoS Medicine, 10(4), e1001419. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001419
  • Oermann, M.H., & Hays, J. (2010). Composing for book in medical (2nd ed). Nyc, NY: Springer.

in regards to the writer

Marilyn H. Oermann, PhD, RN, ANEF, FAAN, is Professor and Director of Evaluation and academic analysis, Duke University class of Nursing, Durham, new york, United States Of America. This woman is the editor associated with the Journal of Nursing Care Quality. During the time it was written, she had been the editor of Nurse Author & Editor. Her e-mail is

Copyright 2013: The Writer. Might not be reproduced without authorization. Journal Complication Copyright 2013: John Wiley and Sons Ltd

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